Fleeing for their lives, thousands of displaced civilians from Mosul have been forced to find shelter in camps outside the city, as US-backed Iraqi forces intensify their battle against Islamic State militants.
But amid the rubble and chaos, young and old remain resolute as they try to maintain a sense of normality and adjust to a life unfamiliar to them.
Here in the camps, they receive food, shelter, blankets, foam mattresses and medical aid. Away from the fighting, they can at least attend to matters of personal hygiene, from bathing, to shaving and haircuts, while parents can keep their children warm and fed, knowing they are at least safer here than in Iraq's second largest city and Islamic State's last remaining stronghold.
Fleeing for their lives: Thousands have left their homes in Mosul and headed for camps outside the city, as fighting intensifies
An Iraqi soldier lends a hand to a young child arriving on an army truck, one of thousands arriving at camps from Mosul
Time out: Displaced refugees take their minds off war as they bathe in a pool of mineral water traditionally used for healing
Getting on with life: Men wash and bathe in pools of mineral water at Hammam al-Aleel, around 13km south of Mosul
Personal attention: After walking miles to reach the refugee camp, one displaced man helps another tidy his appearance
A displaced man shaves a fellow refugee as they attempt a sense of normalcy in the face of difficult living conditions
A young boy has his hair cut, another example the refugees' determination to carry on with everyday life within the camps
About 255,000 people have fled Mosul and surrounding areas since October, including more than 100,000 since the military campaign in western Mosul began on February 19, according to United Nations figures.
The last week has seen the highest level of displacement yet, with 32,000 people forced out of their homes between March 12 and 15.
Many walk for miles, holding all the possessions they can carry, before being transported by trucks to the camps located outside the city.
But many hundreds of thousands more are still within the danger zone. At the time of the latest push to recapture west Mosul, the area had around 750,000 residents.
Rights groups have expressed concern over the mounting civilian death toll, as Islamic State fights from homes and densely-populated areas, a threat the Iraqi military and US-led coalition have been countering with heavy weaponry to support troops on the ground.
Families fleeing Mosul in recent weeks have talked of high numbers of civilians killed by air strikes, and said that in many cases Islamic State fighters have already slipped away by the time the bombs hit.
'When the coalition see a sniper on a home, it's five or ten minutes before that house is hit,' Mohammed Mahmoud, a 40-year-old former police officer, told Reuters in another area of Mosul.
Safe for now: A toddler is among thousands of new refugees arriving every day at camps set up outside Iraq's second city
Sense of loss: A displaced woman recently arrived from Mosul, where the battle against IS continues, takes a moment to cry
Help is on the way: Women and children queue patiently outside a tent set up by the UN Refugee Agency to distribute aid
'But they don't kill the Daesh (ISIS) militants. Daesh withdraw, and the strikes end up killing civilians - whole families.'
Islamic State's tactics since the beginning of the offensive to drive them out of Mosul, which began in October, have been to deploy car bombs and snipers, rain shellfire on troops and residents alike and take cover among the civilian population.
Human Rights Watch has said the fight to recapture the western half of Mosul has been 'dirtier and deadlier to civilians' than the battle to retake the east, which was completed in January.
Young men help sort through and organise hundreds of boxes of food aid sent to refugees at the Hamam al-Alil camp
Keeping warm: A displaced boy carries blankets to his family, having fled from the war-ravaged city of Mosul just days earlier
The watchdog said Iraqi Interior Ministry units had recently used non-precision rockets in west Mosul.
'Their indiscriminate nature makes their use in populated civilian areas a serious violation of the laws of war,' it said in a statement.
Separately, the United Nations says it has received many reports of civilian deaths in air strikes.
The number of civilians killed in the Mosul campaign - by Islamic State, including executions, or by errant Iraqi and coalition fire - is unclear, with various estimates given by residents, watchdogs and the military.
The US-led coalition backing Iraqi forces with air power and military advisers admits causing unintentional civilian deaths.
These civilians are among the thousands who are fleeing their Mosul homes in recent weeks as the war on ISIS intensifies
This month the US military said the total number of civilians killed by the coalition since the start of operations against the militant group in 2014 in both Iraq and Syria was 220.
That estimate is lower than those of some monitoring groups.
Airwars, a journalist-run project to monitor civilian casualties, says at least 2,590 civilians have likely been killed by coalition 'actions' since 2014, including scores in Mosul in the first week of March alone.
Coalition and Iraqi forces have mostly been careful to avoid civilian deaths, a reason military officials said they slowed some assaults in eastern Mosul last year.
But the west, which houses the narrow-alleyed Old City, has been a tougher fight, and Islamic State have pinned down Iraqi forces for days on end in some areas without significant advances.
The level of destruction is visibly greater, with dozens of buildings flattened and large holes in roads from air strikes.
Mosul in ruins: Shells of buildings remain among the rubble of Iraq's second city and the last ISIS stronghold in the country
In ruins: Iraqi Federal Police officers carefully trek through the devestated remains of what was once Mosul train station
Destruction: An Iraqi policeman surveys damage to cars and buildings following strikes on west Mosul by US-backed forces
All that remains: A young boy rides his bike close to burnt out cars and rubble left behind following intense military action
'We have a plan to surround the Old City. Today we have advanced from the right and left sides and the only part left is right in the middle. God willing we will continue this plan today,' Federal Police Major General Haidar Dhirgham told Reuters.
The need to ensure the safety of civilians, many of them hungry from a lack of provisions and traumatized by living under Islamic State's harsh rule, was also a priority.
'I expect the liberation of Mosul completely in one month. I will not tell you one or two weeks, because that's not true, but within one or two months it will be completely liberated,' Dhirgham told Reuters.
Fighting for victory: Members of the Iraqi forces flash the victory gesture during an advance on ISIS to retake the city
As many as 6,000 ISIS fighters remain in Mosul, including other Arab nationalities and foreigners, he added.
Mosul has served as Islamic State's de facto capital since its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi proclaimed himself head of a caliphate spanning Iraq and Syria from the Nuri Mosque in July 2014.
The recapture of the city by the government would drive the remnants of the ISIS army into the hinterlands. In neighbouring Syria, three separate forces are advancing on the city of Raqqa, the main Syrian city under Islamic State control.
As well as waging jihad in Iraq and Syria, the militants have inspired attacks in cities in Europe, Africa and elsewhere that have killed hundreds of civilians.
On duty: An Iraqi soldier keeps a lookout from a destroyed house as troops continue their assault on ISIS militants in the city
On the advance: Iraqi forces remain hopeful that they can take back Mosul from Islamic State fighters in the coming weeks